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Chapter 8: Legal Rights and Legal Assistance Resources

Section 1: Disability Laws and Complaint Procedures

A Guide to Disability Rights Laws

U.S. Department of Justice
     

800-514-0301 Voice
800-514-0383 TTY

 
www.usdoj.gov/crt/ada/cguide.htm

A Guide to Disability Rights Laws. A 21-page booklet that provides a brief overview of ten Federal laws that protect the rights of people with disabilities and provides information about the federal agencies to contact for more information.

Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)

131 M Street, NE
Washington, DC   20507

800-669-4000 Toll Free
800-669-6820 Toll Free TTY
202-663-4900 Voice
202-663-4494 TTY

info@ask.eeoc.gov
www.eeoc.gov

Air Carrier Access Act


     

 

 
 

The Air Carrier Access Act prohibits discrimination in air transportation by domestic and foreign air carriers against qualified individuals with physical or mental impairments. It applies only to air carriers that provide regularly scheduled services for hire to the public. Requirements address a wide range of issues including boarding assistance and certain accessibility features in newly built aircraft and new or altered airport facilities. People may enforce rights under the Air Carrier Access Act by filing a complaint with the U.S. Department of Transportation, or by bringing a lawsuit in Federal court. For more information or to file a complaint, contact:

Aviation Consumer Protection Division, C-75
U.S. Department of Transportation
1200 New Jersey Avenue, S.E.
Washington, D.C. 20590

http://airconsumer.ost.dot.gov/CP_DisabilityandDiscrimination.htm

202-366-2220 Voice
202-366-0511 TTY

800-778-4838 Toll Free Voice
800-455-9880 Toll Free TTY

Architectural Barriers Act


     

 

 
www.access-board.gov/about/laws/ABA.htm

The Architectural Barriers Act (ABA) was enacted in 1968 and requires that buildings and facilities that are designed, constructed, altered or leased with federal funds must be accessible. Section 502 of the Rehabilitation Act (amended) established the Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board (ATBCB or The Access Board) and designated among its duties the development of access standards under the ABA and enforcement of the ABA.

Filing a Complaint
Complaints under the Architectural Barriers Act (ABA) can be filed with the Access Board through an on-line form, follow this link to form, www.access-board.gov/enforcement/form-email.htm; by e-mail, send e-mails to enforce@access-board.gov; by mail or fax, send to:
| Compliance and Enforcement
| U.S. Access Board
| 1331 F Street, N.W., Suite 1000
| Washington, DC 20004-1111
| 202-272-0081 Fax.

To get an investigation started, the Access Board needs:

Additional information about the facility, such as when it was built or known sources of Federal funding, is helpful but not necessary. Personal information, including one's name, is optional and, where provided, is kept confidential. Nonetheless, complaints can be filed anonymously.

Fair Housing Act and Fair Housing Act Amendments of 1988


     

 

 
 

The Fair Housing Act prohibits discrimination in housing because of:

The Fair Housing Act covers most housing. In some cases, there is an exemption for owner-occupied buildings with no more than four units, single-family housing sold or rented without the use of a broker, and housing operated by organizations and private clubs that limit occupancy to members.

Discrimination Prohibited:
In the sale and rental of housing, no one may take any of the following actions based on race, color, national origin, religion, sex, familial status or handicap:

In mortgage lending, no one may take any of the these actions based on race, color, national origin, religion, sex, familial status or handicap:

It is also illegal for anyone to threaten, coerce, intimidate or interfere with anyone exercising a fair housing right or assisting others who exercise that right. No one may advertise or make any statement that indicates a limitation or preference based on race, color, national origin, religion, sex, familial status, or handicap. This prohibition against discriminatory advertising applies to single-family and owner-occupied housing that is otherwise exempt from the Fair Housing Act.

If you have a disability as defined in the Act and rent your home or apartment, your landlord may not refuse to make reasonable accommodations in rules, policies, practices or services if necessary for a disabled person to use the housing. Nor may he refuse to let you make reasonable modifications to your dwelling or common use areas, at your own expense, if necessary for the disabled resident to use the housing. The landlord may permit changes only if you agree to restore the property to its original condition when you move. Important Note: If you live in federally-assisted housing, the housing provider must pay for modifications. When you must pay for modifications yourself, the following HUD programs may help, Title I Property Improvement Insurance, www.hud.gov/offices/hsg/sfh/title/title-i.cfm, or Section 203 (k) Rehabilitation Loans Insurance, www.hud.gov/offices/hsg/sfh/203k/203k--df.cfm.

Accessibility:
In buildings that are ready for first occupancy after March 13, 1991, and have an elevator and four or more units:

If a building with four or more units has no elevator and will be ready for first occupancy after March 13, 1991, these standards apply to ground floor units, but not the upper floors.

Complaints:
There are several ways in which a fair housing complaint can be filed.

For more on the Fair Housing Act, follow this link, www.hud.gov/progdesc/fheoindx.cfm.

Oklahoma Office of Disability Concerns - Client Assistance Program

2401 N.W. 23rd St., Ste. 90
Oklahoma City, OK   73107

800-522-8224 Toll Free V/TTY
405-521-3756 Voice / TTY
405-522-6695 Fax

cap@odc.ok.gov
www.odc.ok.gov/cap.htm

The Client Assistance Program (CAP) is an advocacy program established by Section 112 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. Each State and Territory of the United States has a CAP to help individuals with disabilities get the services they need to prepare for, keep or get employment from programs funded under the Act.

United Spinal Association

75-20 Astoria Blvd.
Jackson Heights,NY  11370

800-404-2898 Toll Free
718-803-3782 Voice
718-803-0414 Fax

info@unitedspinal.org
www.unitedspinal.org

Accessible Air Travel: A Guide for People With Disabilities - Although air travel today is available to most people, barriers to access still exist. A passenger with a disability may encounter obstacles just to reach an airplane seat. To eliminate these hindrances, the federal government passed the Air Carrier Access Act of 1986 (ACAA). It is vitally important for travelers with disabilities and their companions, travel agents and others involved in air travel to know what to expect from the time an airline reservation is booked to the moment the flight touches down. The ACAA affects all aspects of air travel. This booklet provides people who use wheelchairs and other mobility aids with all the information they need to have a safe and enjoyable flight. Direct Link: www.unitedspinal.org/pdf/accessible_air_travel.pdf.

 

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To correct, update or add resource listings notify:

Oklahoma Department of Rehabilitation Services
Public Information Office  |  Dana Tallon  |  Oklahoma Disability Resource Guide Editor
Contact Information